Bozcaada

Address
12 miles from the Çanakkale Strait, a 30 minute ferry ride from Geyikli Yukyeri Port

Description
From Bozcaada Travel Guide:

“Bozcaada (pronounced boz-DJA-ah-dah) is a small island in the north Aegean, a district of Çanakkale province. The third biggest island in Turkey, it is situated close to the entrance of the Dardanelles. Its ancient name is Tenedos.

The whole of Bozcaada is a natural and historical preservation and conservation site. No archaeological expeditions have been carried out on the island so far. Yet, it has a rich history carrying the traces of all those diverse civilisations that set foot on it. Bozcaada formerly known as Tenedos whose name is mentioned many a time in mythology, attracts attention not only with its nature but also with its rich history.

The population of Bozcaada where for five hundred years the Turks and the Greeks(Rum) lived side by side is around 1500. There has been migration to and from the island throughout its history. The Greek population of the island is now only around 25-30 while the number of people who come from big cities to live on the island increases day by day. Together with the tourists that come in the summer, the population of the island varies between 5000 – 10 000 people.

The means of livelihood on the island is viticulture, viniculture, fishing and tourism. Viticulture and viniculture are old traditions on the island. There is virtually no inhabitant who does not own a vineyard, or who does not know how to make wine.

Since Bozcaada is on the route of fish migrations, fishing has employed many for a long time. Many different kinds of fish can be caught around the island. Squid and octopus which are both signs of clean waters are particularly abundant, and thus have become symbols of the island.

Tourism which has started developing recently is advancing under close watch. There is restricted permission for construction on the island and the effort to maintain dominance of nature comes first.

History
Bozcaada, which is known as Leukophrys in the Classical age, and Tenedos in Greek mythology, has been invaded many a time all though its history and its rulers have changed hands many times.  The excavations at the necropolis suggest that the island’s history goes back to 3000 BC. The first inhabitants known are Pelazzis. Then, came the Phoenicians, Athenians, the Greek, Persians, Alexander the Great, Byzantinians, Genoese, Venetians, and Ottomans to rule the island.  As Mehmet II conquered Istanbul, Bozcaada has gained importance for the Turks and became Ottoman territory in 1455. After this date there has been some struggle between the Ottomans and the Venetians over the island and Bozcaada was ruled by the Venetians from time to time.  After a long period of Ottoman rule, Bozcaada was invaded by the Greeks during the 1912 Balkan Wars, and became part of Turkey together with Gökçeada with the 1923 Lausanne Treaty.”

Comments
Bozcaada is a peaceful island off the coast of Turkey in the Aegean Sea.  It is an 8 hour bus ride from Istanbul (Metro Bus Company, about $120 round-trip), but would be much closer by private car.  The bus ride was an interesting experience (but hot) as we got to see the Turkish countryside and several small towns.  The bus itself goes on one ferry between the European and Asian Continents and you take another ferry to the island itself (absent the bus).  Once on the island, the already slow Turkish pace slows to a crawl.  The main activities for tourists are eating, drinking, shopping, and visiting the beaches, castle and wineries.  Their is only one real town on the island, which is a very quaint cross between a Turkish and Grecian village.  The beaches (or bays) are beautiful with cool (cold) crystal clear water and no waves.

Images